In 1824, after a brief war and having established its own constitution, El Salvador became one of the United Provinces of Central America (later the Federal Republic of Central America).
Nonetheless, it was several decades before El Salvador was able to rid itself of the overwhelming influence of Guatemala.
Political differences were temporarily set aside in January 2001, when the country was struck by a massive earthquake, which killed several thousand and left tens of thousands homeless.
In 2009, Mauricio Funes, a former television journalist, became the first president from the FMLN party.
Visitors should not point their finger or their foot at anyone.
Roughly 75 percent of Salvadorans consider themselves Roman Catholic, and the Church traditionally frowns upon divorce.Machismo plays a large part when it comes to the roles of men and women in the country.