According to estimates in 2019, the population of Kabul is 5.266 million, Kabul is located high up in a narrow valley between the Hindu Kush mountains, with an elevation of 1,790 metres (5,873 ft) making it one of the highest capitals in the world.
The city is said to be over 3,500 years old, mentioned since at least the time of the Achaemenid Empire.
The Greco-Bactrians took control of Kabul from the Seleucids, then lost the city to their subordinates in the Indo-Greek Kingdom around the mid-2nd century BC.
Buddhism was greatly patronized by the rulers and majority of people of the city were adherents of the religion.
) Nine years after Nader Shah and his forces invaded and occupied the city as part of the more easternmost parts of his Empire, he was assassinated by his own officers, causing the rapid disintegration of it.
Ahmad Shah Durrani, commander of 4,000 Abdali Afghans, asserted Pashtun rule in 1747 and further expanded his new Afghan Empire.
It is at a strategic location along the trade routes of South and Central Asia, and a key location of the ancient Silk Road.
The inscription on his tomb contains the famous Persian couplet, which states: اگرفردوس روی زمین است همین است و همین است و همین است (If there is a paradise on earth, it is this, it is this, it is this!Following the era of the Khalji dynasty in 1333, the famous Moroccan scholar Ibn Battuta visited Kabul.